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Gelatin
Allowed with Restrictions
Livestock Feed Ingredients, Livestock Health Care
Nonsynthetic
Nonagricultural, nonsynthetic sources may be used as a carrier. See also EXCIPIENTS listings and CARRIERS listings.
205.237(a) & 205.237(b)(6)
Gelatin
Allowed with Restrictions
Processing Agricultural Ingredients and Processing Aids
Nonsynthetic Agricultural
Nonorganic sources may be used in or on processed products labeled as “organic” only when not commercially available in organic form. See AGRICULTURAL INGREDIENTS – NONORGANIC for more information on the use of nonorganic agricultural ingredients.
205.301(b),(c),(f) & 205.606(j)
Gellan Gum
Allowed
Processing Non-agricultural Ingredients and Processing Aids
Nonsynthetic Nonagricultural
(CAS #–71010–52– 1)—high-acyl form only.
Genetically Modified Organisms
Prohibited
Processing Agricultural Ingredients and Processing Aids, Processing Pest Controls, Processing Sanitizers and Cleaners
Synthetic Nonagricultural
The use of genetically modified organisms or their products are prohibited in any form or at any stage in organic production, processing, or handling. See also glossary for definition of "genetically engineered/modified."
205.105(e) Excluded methods.
Genetically Modified Organisms
Prohibited
Livestock Feed Ingredients, Livestock Health Care, Livestock Management Tools and Production Aids
Synthetic
The use of genetically modified organisms or GMOs or their products is prohibited in any form or at any stage in organic production, processing, or handling. Includes techniques that alter the molecular or cell biology of an organism by means that are not possible under natural conditions or processes and are not considered compatible with organic production. Genetic engineering includes recombinant DNA, cell fusion, micro- and macro-encapsulation, and the following results when achieved by recombinant techniques: gene deletion and doubling, introducing a foreign gene, and changing the positions of genes. It shall not include traditional breeding, conjugation, fermentation, hybridization, in-vitro fertilization, or tissue culture.
205.2 & 205.105(e) [E]xcluded methods.
Genetically Modified Organisms
Prohibited
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments, Crop Management Tools and Production Aids, Crop Pest, Weed, and Disease Control
Synthetic
The use of genetically modified organisms or GMOs or their products is prohibited in any form or at any stage in organic production, processing, or handling. Includes "techniques that alter the molecular or cell biology of an organism by means that are not possible under natural conditions or processes and are not considered compatible with organic production. Genetic engineering includes recombinant DNA, cell fusion, microencapsulation and macroencapsulation, and the following results when achieved by recombinant techniques: gene deletion and doubling, introducing a foreign gene, and changing the positions of genes. It shall not include traditional breeding, conjugation, fermentation, hybridization, in-vitro fertilization, or tissue culture."
205.105(e) & 205.2 Excluded methods.
Gibberellic Acid
Allowed with Restrictions
Crop Pest, Weed, and Disease Control
Nonsynthetic
Acceptable if made from a fermentation process and not fortified with prohibited synthetic substances. Fermentation process must not use genetically modified organisms. See also GROWTH REGULATORS FOR PLANTS. May be used as a pesticide if the requirements of 205.206(e) are met, which requires the use of preventative, mechanical, physical, and other pest, weed, and disease management practices.
Glucono Delta-lactone
Prohibited
Processing Non-agricultural Ingredients and Processing Aids
Synthetic Nonagricultural
Synthetic glucono delta-lactone is prohibited, including when produced by oxidation of D-glucose with bromine water.
205.605(a)
Glucono Delta-lactone
Allowed
Processing Non-agricultural Ingredients and Processing Aids
Nonsynthetic Nonagricultural
Must be derived from microbial fermentation or enzyme oxidation of carbohydrates only. Production by the oxidation of D-glucose with bromine water is prohibited.
205.605(a)
Glucose
Allowed with Restrictions
Livestock Feed Ingredients, Livestock Health Care
Nonsynthetic
Used as such, or in electrolyte formulations, or as a carrier. See also CARRIERS listings, DEXTROSE, and ELECTROLYTES.
205.603(a)(7) & 205.603(a)(6)
Glycerides, Mono- and Di-
Allowed with Restrictions
Processing Non-agricultural Ingredients and Processing Aids
Synthetic Nonagricultural
May only be used in the drum drying of food. Includes glycerol mono-oleate and glycerol monostearate. See also GLYCEROL MONO-OLEATE.
205.605(b)
Glycerin
Allowed
Processing Non-agricultural Ingredients and Processing Aids
Synthetic Nonagricultural
Must be produced by hydrolysis of fats and oils.
205.605(b)
Glycerin
Allowed with Restrictions
Livestock Health Care, Livestock Management Tools and Production Aids
Synthetic
For use only as a livestock teat dip. Must be produced through hydrolysis of fats or oils.
205.603(a)(12)
Glycerine Oleate
Prohibited
Crop Management Tools and Production Aids, Crop Pest, Weed, and Disease Control
Synthetic
Was permitted to be used as both an adjuvant or inert ingredient in combination with active pesticidal substances [excluding 25(b) exempt pesticides] until December 31, 2006. For its current use as both an adjuvant or inert ingredient in passive pheromone dispensers, see INERTS – LIST 3.
205.601(m)(2)(i)
Glycerol Mono-oleate
Allowed with Restrictions
Processing Non-agricultural Ingredients and Processing Aids
Synthetic Nonagricultural
May only be used in the drum drying of food. See also GLYCERIDES, MONO- AND DI-.
205.605(b)
Grafting Wax
Allowed with Restrictions
Crop Management Tools and Production Aids
Synthetic
Forms with synthetic ingredients not on the National List are restricted to use on perennial nonorganic stock that will be managed organically for 12 months prior to organic harvest.
205.204(a)(4)
Granite Dust
Allowed
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments
Nonsynthetic
Sources that are mixed with petroleum products, such as from stone engraving, are prohibited. See also MINED MINERALS – UNPROCESSED.
205.203(d)(2) A mined substance of low solubility.
Grape Juice Color
Allowed with Restrictions
Processing Agricultural Ingredients and Processing Aids
Nonsynthetic Agricultural
Nonorganic sources may be used in or on processed products labeled as “organic” only when not commercially available in organic form. Must not be produced using synthetic solvents and carrier systems or any artificial preservative. See AGRICULTURAL INGREDIENTS – NONORGANIC for more information on the use of nonorganic agricultural ingredients.
205.301(b),(c),(f) & 205.606(d)(10)
Grape Skin Extract Color
Allowed with Restrictions
Processing Agricultural Ingredients and Processing Aids
Nonsynthetic Agricultural
Nonorganic sources may be used in or on processed products labeled as “organic” only when not commercially available in organic form. Must not be produced using synthetic solvents and carrier systems or any artificial preservative. See AGRICULTURAL INGREDIENTS – NONORGANIC for more information on the use of nonorganic agricultural ingredients.
205.301(b),(c),(f) & 205.606(d)(11)
Green Manure
Allowed
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments
Nonsynthetic
See also PLANTS.
205.203(c)(3) Uncomposted plant materials.
Greensand
Allowed
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments
Nonsynthetic
Also known as glauconite. See also MINED MINERALS – UNPROCESSED.
205.203(d)(2) A mined substance of low solubility.
Growth Promoters – synthetic
Prohibited
Livestock Feed Ingredients
Synthetic
205.237(b)(1)
Growth Regulators for Plants
Allowed with Restrictions
Crop Pest, Weed, and Disease Control
Nonsynthetic
Includes nonsynthetic plant hormones such as gibberellic acid, indole acetic acid (IAA), and cytokinins. Vitamin B1 is also permitted. Must not contain prohibited synthetic substances. Plant growth regulators may be used if the requirements of 205.206(e) are met, which requires the use of preventative, mechanical, physical, and other pest, weed, and disease management practices See also GIBBERELLIC ACID and CYTOKININS-NONSYNTHETIC
205.105
Growth Regulators for Plants
Prohibited
Crop Pest, Weed, and Disease Control
Synthetic
All synthetic growth regulators not explicitly allowed are prohibited. Includes all formulations of the propagation hormone IBA (Indol-3-butyric acid) as well as the growth regulator NAA (1-Naphthalene acetic acid).
205.105(a)
Guano – bat or bird
Allowed with Restrictions
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments
Nonsynthetic
Must be decomposed and dried deposits from wild bats or birds. Domesticated fowl excrement is considered manure, not guano. Must meet requirements for MANURE – RAW, UNCOMPOSTED. See the COMPOST listings for the definition of compost.
205.203(c)(1)
Guar Gum
Allowed with Restrictions
Processing Agricultural Ingredients and Processing Aids
Agricultural
Must be water extracted. Nonorganic guar gum may be used in processed products labeled as ‘Made with Organic [specified ingredients]’ provided that the guar gum is not produced or handled with the use of sewage sludge, genetic engineering, genetically modified organisms (GMOs), or ionizing radiation. Nonorganic guar gum may also be used in or on processed products labeled as ‘organic’ only when the certifier determines that the ingredient is not commercially available in an organic form and that it meets the requirements of 205.301(b) and 205.301(f). See also GUMS, VEGETABLE.
205.301(b),(c),(f) & 205.606(b)
Gum Arabic
Allowed with Restrictions
Processing Agricultural Ingredients and Processing Aids
Agricultural
Must be water extracted. Nonorganic gum arabic may be used in processed products labeled as ‘Made with Organic [specified ingredients]’ provided that the gum arabic is not produced or handled with the use of sewage sludge, genetic engineering, genetically modified organisms (GMOs), or ionizing radiation. Nonorganic gum arabic may also be used in or on processed products labeled as ‘organic’ only when the certifier determines that the ingredient is not commercially available in an organic form and that it meets the requirements of 205.301(b) and 205.301(f). See also GUMS, VEGETABLE.
205.301(b),(c),(f) & 205.606(k)
Gums, Vegetable
Allowed with Restrictions
Processing Agricultural Ingredients and Processing Aids
Agricultural
Arabic, carob bean, guar, and locust bean gums. Must be water extracted. Nonorganic vegetable gums may be used in processed products labeled as ‘Made with Organic [specified ingredients]’ provided that the vegetable gums are not produced or handled with the use of sewage sludge, genetic engineering, genetically modified organisms (GMOs), or ionizing radiation. These four nonorganic vegetable gums may also be used in or on processed products labeled as ‘organic’ only when the certifier determines that the vegetable gums are not commercially available in an organic form and that they meet the requirements of 205.301(b) and 205.301(f). See also GUAR GUM, GUM ARABIC, and LOCUST BEAN GUM.
205.301(b),(c),(f) & 205.606(k)
Gypsum By-products
Prohibited
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments
Synthetic
Gypsum produced as a by-product of superphosphate manufacture (the reaction of rock phosphate and sulfuric acid), from precipitation of sulfur dioxide gas with limestone, or from dry-wall rejects is prohibited.
205.105(a)
Gypsum – mined source
Allowed
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments
Nonsynthetic
Calcium sulfate; only mined forms are acceptable. See also GYPSUM BY-PRODUCTS and MINED MINERALS – UNPROCESSED.
205.203(d)(2) A mined substance of low solubility.
Hair
Allowed
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments
Nonsynthetic
Animal material.
205.105
Heparin
Prohibited
Livestock Health Care
Synthetic
205.105(a)
Herbal Preparations – nonorganic
Allowed with Restrictions
Livestock Health Care
Nonsynthetic
Nonorganic herbs and herbal preparations may be used. Not for routine use in feed or as a feed additive.
205.105 & 205.238(c)(1)
Herbal Preparations – organic
Allowed
Livestock Feed Ingredients, Livestock Health Care
Nonsynthetic
Must be certified organically grown and prepared when routinely fed to animals.
205.237(a)
Herbicides – nonsynthetic
Allowed with Restrictions
Crop Pest, Weed, and Disease Control
Nonsynthetic
The need for and use of herbicides derived from natural sources should be explained in the Organic System Plan. The Organic System Plan must justify that use of cultural practices, preventive, mechanical and physical methods are insufficient.
205.206(c) & 205.206(e)
Herbicides – synthetic
Prohibited
Crop Pest, Weed, and Disease Control
Synthetic
Prohibited unless specifically permitted. For permitted synthetic herbicides see MULCH listings and SOAPS, AMMONIUM.
205.105(a)
Homeopathic Preparations
Allowed
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments, Crop Management Tools and Production Aids, Livestock Health Care
Synthetic/Nonsynthetic
Must be composed entirely of allowed materials.
Honey
Allowed
Livestock Health Care
Nonsynthetic
As an external disinfectant.
205.105
Hoof and Horn Meal
Allowed
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments
Nonsynthetic
Animal material.
205.105
Hormones
Prohibited
Livestock Feed Ingredients, Livestock Health Care
Nonsynthetic
All hormones that are not explicitly listed as allowed or restricted are prohibited for livestock production. May not be used as growth promoters. See also specific hormones for restricted medicinal uses, e.g., OXYTOCIN (HORMONE).
205.237(b)(1) The producer of an organic operation must not… Use animal drugs, including hormones, to promote growth.
Horticultural Oils
Prohibited
Crop Management Tools and Production Aids, Crop Pest, Weed, and Disease Control
Nonsynthetic
See also OILS, PETROLEUM-BASED.
205.105(a)
Horticultural Oils – animal or plant derived
Allowed with Restrictions
Crop Pest, Weed, and Disease Control
Nonsynthetic
For use as a pest lure, repellent, or as part of a trap, or as a disease control. May be used for other pesticidal purposes only if the requirements of 205.206(e) are met. See also OILS – NONSYNTHETIC SOURCES.
205.105
Horticultural Oils – animal or plant derived
Allowed
Crop Management Tools and Production Aids
Synthetic
See also OILS – NONSYNTHETIC SOURCES.
205.105
Horticultural Oils – narrow range
Allowed with Restrictions
Crop Management Tools and Production Aids, Crop Pest, Weed, and Disease Control
Synthetic
See also OILS, PETROLEUM-BASED – NARROW RANGE.
205.2, 205.601(e)(7) & 205.601(i)(7)
Human Excrement
Prohibited
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments
Nonsynthetic
205.105(g) Sewage sludge.
Humates
Allowed
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments
Nonsynthetic
Acceptable if derived from leonardite, lignite, or coal; not acceptable if fortified with synthetic nutrients. See also MINED MINERALS – UNPROCESSED. See Glossary for definition of "humates."
205.203(d)(2) A mined substance of low solubility.
Humic Acid Derivatives – fortified
Prohibited
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments
Synthetic
Humic acid derivatives that are extracted with prohibited materials and/or fortified with prohibited synthetic fertilizers, including potassium hydroxide, are prohibited. See Glossary for definition of "humic acid derivatives."
205.105(a)
Humic Acids – alkali extracted
Allowed
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments, Crop Management Tools and Production Aids
Synthetic
Also called humic acid derivatives. Extracts from nonsynthetic humates by hydrolysis using synthetic or nonsynthetic alkaline materials are permitted. Includes humates that are extracted using potassium hydroxide and ammonium hydroxide, provided that the synthetic extractant is limited to that amount necessary for extraction and is not used to fortify the potassium or nitrogen analysis. See also HUMIC ACIDS – NONSYNTHETIC. Some humic acid derivatives may be used both as an adjuvant or inert ingredient in EPA registered and exempt pesticides. See also INERTS – LIST 4.
205.601(j)(3) As plant or soil amendments… Humic acids—naturally occurring deposits, water and alkali extracts only.
Humic Acids – nonsynthetic
Allowed
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments, Crop Management Tools and Production Aids
Nonsynthetic
Naturally occurring deposits of humic acids and water extracted humates. See also HUMIC ACIDS – ALKALI EXTRACTED.
205.203(d)(2) & 205.601(j)(3) A mined substance of low solubility. As plant or soil amendments… Humic acids—naturally occurring deposits, water and alkali extracts only.
Hydrated Lime
Prohibited
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments
Synthetic
Prohibited as a soil amendment.
205.105(a)