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Vinegar
Allowed
Livestock Feed Ingredients
Nonsynthetic
Must be from organic sources.
205.237(a)
Vinegar – nonsynthetic
Allowed
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments, Crop Management Tools and Production Aids
Nonsynthetic
Commonly used as a drip irrigation cleaner, equipment cleaner, and as an adjuvant to adjust the pH of sprays, and minimum risk inert (List 4A and defined as a maximum of 8% acetic acid in solution) in a pesticide formulation. See also ACETIC ACID – NONSYNTHETIC and INERTS – LIST 4.
205.105 & 205.206(d)(2)
Vinegar – nonsynthetic, pesticide
Allowed with Restrictions
Crop Pest, Weed, and Disease Control
Nonsynthetic
For use as a pesticide only if the requirements of 205.206(e) are met. See also ACETIC ACID – NONSYNTHETIC, PESTICIDE. See Glossary for definition of "pesticide."
205.206(b)(3), 205.206(d)(2) & 205.206(e)
Vinegar – synthetic
Prohibited
Crop Pest, Weed, and Disease Control
Synthetic
Synthetic sources not permitted as active ingredients. Synthetic vinegar, at a maximum of 8% acetic acid in solution, is a minimum risk inert ingredient that may be used as both an adjuvant or an inert ingredient in combination with active pesticidal ingredients. See also ACETIC ACID – SYNTHETIC and INERTS – LIST 4.
205.105(a) & 205.601(m)
Virus Sprays
Allowed with Restrictions
Crop Pest, Weed, and Disease Control
Nonsynthetic
For use as a pest lure, repellent, or as part of a trap, or as a disease control. May be used for other pesticidal purposes only if the requirements of 205.206(e) are met. See also BIOLOGICAL CONTROLS. Codling moth Granulosis virus is acceptable. No genetically modified viruses are allowed.
205.206(a),(b),(c),(d) & (e)
Vitamin A
Allowed with Restrictions
Livestock Feed Ingredients, Livestock Health Care
Synthetic/Nonsynthetic
May be derived from vitamin A acetate or vitamin A palmitate. See also VITAMINS and Appendix A: Livestock Vitamins and Minerals.
205.237(a), 205.237(b)(2) & 205.603(d)(3)
Vitamin A Acetate
Allowed with Restrictions
Livestock Feed Ingredients, Livestock Health Care
Synthetic/Nonsynthetic
See also VITAMINS and Appendix A: Livestock Vitamins and Minerals.
205.237(a), 205.237(b)(2) & 205.603(d)(3)
Vitamin A Palmitate
Allowed with Restrictions
Livestock Feed Ingredients, Livestock Health Care
Synthetic/Nonsynthetic
See also VITAMINS and Appendix A: Livestock Vitamins and Minerals.
205.237(a), 205.237(b)(2) & 205.603(d)(3)
Vitamin B Complex
Allowed with Restrictions
Livestock Feed Ingredients, Livestock Health Care
Synthetic/Nonsynthetic
See BIOTIN, FOLIC ACID – SYNTHETIC, CHOLINE, INOSITOL, RIBOFLAVIN, NIACIN, PANTOTHENIC ACID, and THIAMINE HYDROCHLORIDE. See also Appendix A: Livestock Vitamins and Minerals.
205.237(a), 205.237(b)(2) & 205.603(d)(3)
Vitamin B1
Allowed with Restrictions
Livestock Feed Ingredients, Livestock Health Care
Synthetic/Nonsynthetic
May be derived from thiamine hydrochloride and thiamine mononitrate. See also VITAMINS and Appendix A: Livestock Vitamins and Minerals.
205.237(a), 205.237(b)(2) & 205.603(d)(3)
Vitamin B12
Allowed with Restrictions
Livestock Feed Ingredients, Livestock Health Care
Synthetic/Nonsynthetic
May be derived from cyanocobalamin. See also VITAMINS and Appendix A: Livestock Vitamins and Minerals.
205.237(a), 205.237(b)(2) & 205.603(d)(3)
Vitamin B2
Allowed with Restrictions
Livestock Feed Ingredients, Livestock Health Care
Synthetic/Nonsynthetic
May be derived from riboflavin or riboflavin-5-phosphate. See also VITAMINS and Appendix A: Livestock Vitamins and Minerals.
205.237(a), 205.237(b)(2) & 205.603(d)(3)
Vitamin B6
Allowed with Restrictions
Livestock Feed Ingredients, Livestock Health Care
Synthetic/Nonsynthetic
May be derived from pyridoxine hydrochloride. See also VITAMINS and Appendix A: Livestock Vitamins and Minerals.
205.237(a), 205.237(b)(2) & 205.603(d)(3)
Vitamin C
Allowed with Restrictions
Livestock Feed Ingredients, Livestock Health Care
Synthetic/Nonsynthetic
May be derived from ascorbic acid or ascorbyl palmitate. See also VITAMINS and Appendix A: Livestock Vitamins and Minerals.
205.237(a), 205.237(b)(2) & 205.603(d)(3)
Vitamin D
Allowed with Restrictions
Livestock Feed Ingredients, Livestock Health Care
Synthetic/Nonsynthetic
May be in the forms vitamin D2 (e.g. calciferol or ergocalciferol), vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol), or D-activated sterol. See also VITAMINS and Appendix A: Livestock Vitamins and Minerals.
205.237(a), 205.237(b)(2) & 205.603(d)(3)
Vitamin D3
Allowed with Restrictions
Processing Pest Controls
Synthetic Nonagricultural
When used as a rodenticide may only be used in conjunction with the preventative management practices provided for in paragraphs 205.271(a) and (b) and only when those practices are not effective to prevent or control pests alone. See also RODENTICIDES. For vitamins used in food see VITAMINS – NUTRIENT.
205.271(c) & 205.601(g)(2)
Vitamin D3
Allowed with Restrictions
Crop Pest, Weed, and Disease Control
Synthetic
Also known as "cholecalciferol." May be used as a pesticide if the requirements of 205.206(e) are met.
Vitamin E
Allowed with Restrictions
Livestock Feed Ingredients, Livestock Health Care
Synthetic/Nonsynthetic
May be derived from mixed tocopherols and alpha-tocopherol (alpha-tocopheryl) acetate. See also VITAMINS and Appendix A: Livestock Vitamins and Minerals.
205.237(a), 205.237(b)(2) & 205.603(d)(3)
Vitamin K
Allowed with Restrictions
Livestock Feed Ingredients, Livestock Health Care
Synthetic/Nonsynthetic
May be derived from Menadione dimethylepyrimidinol bisulfite or Menadione nicotinamide bisulfite. See also VITAMINS and Appendix A: Livestock Vitamins and Minerals.
205.237(a), 205.237(b)(2) & 205.603(d)(3)
Vitamins
Allowed with Restrictions
Livestock Feed Ingredients, Livestock Health Care
Synthetic/Nonsynthetic
Synthetic or nonsynthetic vitamins that are allowed by FDA regulation or listed in AAFCO publication may be used in feed. May not be fed in amounts above those needed for adequate nutrition and health maintenance for the species at its specific stage of life, or used to stimulate growth or production. See also CARRIERS listings, ANIMAL BY-PRODUCTS and GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISMS. See also Appendix A: Livestock Vitamins and Minerals.
205.237(b)(2), 205.238(a)(2) & 205.603(d)(3) The producer of an organic operation must not… Provide feed supplements or additives in amounts above those needed for adequate nutrition and health maintenance for the species at its specific stage of life.
Vitamins
Prohibited
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments
Synthetic/Nonsynthetic
All synthetic vitamins not explicitly allowed are prohibited.
205.105(a)
Vitamins
Allowed
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments, Crop Management Tools and Production Aids
Synthetic/Nonsynthetic
Nonsynthetic sources of all vitamins and synthetic sources of vitamins B1, C, and E may be used in certified organic crop production.
205.601(j)(8)
Vitamins – nutrient
Allowed with Restrictions
Processing Non-agricultural Ingredients and Processing Aids
Synthetic Nonagricultural
Nutrient vitamins and minerals may be added in accordance with 21 CFR 104.20, Nutritional Quality Guidelines For Foods.
205.605(b) Nutrient vitamins and minerals…
Volatile Solvents – synthetic
Prohibited
Processing Non-agricultural Ingredients and Processing Aids
Synthetic Nonagricultural
See Glossary for definition of "volatile solvent."
205.105(c) & 205.270(c)(2) The handler of an organic handling operation must not use in or on agricultural products intended to be sold, labeled, or represented as “100 percent organic,” “organic,” or “made with organic (specified ingredients or food group(s))," or in or on any ingredients labeled as organic… A volatile synthetic solvent… Except, That, nonorganic ingredients in products labeled "made with organic (specified ingredients or food group(s))" are not subject to this requirement.
Wakame Seaweed
Allowed with Restrictions
Processing Agricultural Ingredients and Processing Aids
Nonsynthetic Agricultural
Undaria pinnatifida. Nonorganic sources may be used in or on processed products labeled as “organic” only when not commercially available in organic form. See AGRICULTURAL INGREDIENTS – NONORGANIC for more information on the use of nonorganic agricultural ingredients.
205.301(b),(c),(f) & 205.606(z)
Water
Allowed
Processing Non-agricultural Ingredients and Processing Aids
Nonsynthetic Nonagricultural
Exempt from percentage calculations under 205.301. The OFPA [7 U.S.C. 6510 (a)(7)] requires that water used in processing must meet the Safe Drinking Water Act.
205.301 & 205.302
Water
Allowed
Livestock Feed Ingredients, Livestock Health Care, Livestock Management Tools and Production Aids
Nonsynthetic
205.237(a)
Water
Allowed
Crop Management Tools and Production Aids
Nonsynthetic
Levels of contaminants in crops grown with water polluted by unavoidable residual environmental contamination cannot exceed 5% of the EPA tolerance for those contaminants in conventionally grown crops. An investigation to determine the cause of contamination may be conducted by appropriate government officials or the certifying agent.
205.105 & 205.671 When residue testing detects prohibited substances at levels that are greater than 5 percent of the Environmental Protection Agency’s tolerance for the specific residue detected or unavoidable residual environmental contamination, the agricultural product must not be sold, labeled, or represented as organically produced.
Water Treatments
Allowed
Crop Management Tools and Production Aids
Synthetic/Nonsynthetic
Includes treatments for pond water and surface water run off. Treatment may be used for water which comes into contact with soil or crop. See also MICROBIAL PRODUCTS, MICROBIAL INOCULANTS and WATER.
Water Treatments
Allowed with Restrictions
Crop Pest, Weed, and Disease Control
Synthetic/Nonsynthetic
May be used if the requirements of 205.206(e) are met. Includes treatments for pond water and surface water run off. Treatment may be used for water which comes into contact with soil or crop. See also MICROBIAL PESTICIDES.
Water Treatments
Allowed
Livestock Management Tools and Production Aids
Synthetic/Nonsynthetic
Includes treatments for pond water and surface water run off from livestock operations. May not be used to treat livestock drinking water. Treatment may be used for water which comes into contact with soil or crop. See CROPS SECTION category for WATER TREATMENT.
Water Treatments
Allowed
Livestock Feed Ingredients
Synthetic/Nonsynthetic
Includes treatments for pond water and surface water run off that are used as a source of livestock drinking water. Must not contain prohibited substances. Must be composed of substances allowed as livestock feed.
Wax
Allowed
Processing Non-agricultural Ingredients and Processing Aids
Nonsynthetic Nonagricultural
Acceptable sources include carnauba or wood resin. Must not contain any prohibited synthetic substances but may contain synthetic or nonsynthetic substances that are permitted as ingredients at §205.605 of the National List. Products that are coated with allowed wax must be indicated as such on the shipping container. See also agricultural waxes such as BEESWAX.
205.605(a)
Wax
Prohibited
Processing Non-agricultural Ingredients and Processing Aids
Synthetic Nonagricultural
Petroleum-derived waxes and waxes that contain synthetic fungicides or preservatives or any other synthetic substances not on the National List are prohibited.
205.105(c)
Weed Oils
Prohibited
Crop Pest, Weed, and Disease Control
Synthetic
Petroleum fractions used as weed oils are prohibited. See Glossary for definition of "weed oil."
205.105(a)
Wetting Agents
Allowed with Restrictions
Crop Management Tools and Production Aids
Synthetic
Synthetic wetting agents must explicitly appear on the National List for this application or use. Inert ingredients on EPA August 2004 List 4 may be as an adjuvant or inert ingredient in combination with EPA registered pesticides or active ingredients considered EPA 25b exempt from FIFRA registration. See also ADJUVANTS listings.
205.601(m)
Wetting Agents
Allowed
Crop Management Tools and Production Aids
Nonsynthetic
Nonsynthetic wetting agents, including saponins and microbial wetting agents are allowed. See also ADJUVANTS listings, and SOAP listings.
205.105
Wetting Agents
Prohibited
Crop Management Tools and Production Aids
Synthetic
Polyacrylimides and other synthetic wetting agents are prohibited. See also ADJUVANTS listings.
205.105(a)
Whey Protein Concentrate
Allowed with Restrictions
Processing Agricultural Ingredients and Processing Aids
Nonsynthetic Agricultural
Nonorganic sources may be used in or on processed products labeled as “organic” only when not commercially available in organic form. See AGRICULTURAL INGREDIENTS – NONORGANIC for more information on the use of nonorganic agricultural ingredients.
205.301(b),(c),(f) & 205.606(aa)
Wine Yeast
Allowed with Restrictions
Processing Non-agricultural Ingredients and Processing Aids
Nonsynthetic Nonagricultural
When used as food or a fermentation agent in products labeled as "organic", yeast must be organic if its end use is for human consumption. Nonorganic yeast may be used when organic yeast is not commercially available. Includes baker’s, brewer’s, autolyzed, and smoked yeasts. Yeast grown on petrochemical substrate and sulfite waste liquor is prohibited. For smoked yeast, nonsynthetic smoke flavoring process must be documented. Yeast that is a product of rDNA technology is prohibited. See also MICROBIAL PRODUCTS.
205.605(a)
Wood Ash
Allowed
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments
Nonsynthetic
Wood ash must be produced exclusively from untreated and unpainted wood. Wood stove ashes must not be generated from burning of colored paper, plastic, or other prohibited materials. Excessive applications of ash can cause pH and nutrient imbalances. See ASH – PLANT OR ANIMAL.
205.203(d)(4) Ash obtained from the burning of plant material.
Wood Chips and Shavings
Allowed
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments
Nonsynthetic
From untreated and unpainted wood only. See also PLANTS.
205.203(c)(3) Uncomposted plant materials.
Wood Resin
Allowed
Processing Non-agricultural Ingredients and Processing Aids
Nonsynthetic Nonagricultural
See also WAX listings.
205.605(a)
Wood Treatments
Allowed with Restrictions
Crop Pest, Weed, and Disease Control
Synthetic/Nonsynthetic
Nonsynthetic wood treatments and synthetics on the National List at 205.601 may be used if the requirements at 205.206(e) are met.
Wood – treated
Allowed with Restrictions
Crop Management Tools and Production Aids
Synthetic
See also PRESSURE-TREATED LUMBER listings and ARSENATE-TREATED LUMBER for references to restricted and prohibited wood treatments. Wood cannot be treated with a prohibited material.
205.206(f)
Wool
Allowed
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments
Nonsynthetic
205.105
Worm Castings
Allowed with Restrictions
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments
Nonsynthetic
Worm castings made from permitted feedstocks but contain more than 1x10³ (1,000) MPN fecal coliform per gram sampled and/or more than 3 MPN Salmonella per 4 grams sampled are subject to the same restrictions as raw manure. Worm castings made from raw manure feedstocks that do not adequately maintain aerobic conditions or 70-90% moisture level during production are also subjected to the same restrictions as raw manure. See also MANURE – RAW, UNCOMPOSTED; and other WORM CASTINGS listing.
205.203(c)
Worm Castings
Allowed
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments
Nonsynthetic
Worm castings made only from feedstock materials shown as ‘Allowed’ and do not contain more than 1x10³ (1,000) MPN fecal coliform per gram sampled and/or more than 3 MPN Salmonella per 4 grams sampled may be used without restriction. If made from raw manure feedstocks, must also show aerobic conditions and a 70-90% moisture level are maintained during production. See other WORM CASTINGS listing.
205.105 & 205.203(c)
Worm Castings
Prohibited
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments
Nonsynthetic
Worm castings made with sewage sludge, synthetic fertilizers, or other prohibited substances used as feedstocks is prohibited. See other WORM CASTINGS listings.
205.105(a) & 205.105(g)
Worms
Allowed
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments
Nonsynthetic
205.105