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Manganese Products
Allowed with Restrictions
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments
Synthetic
Manganous oxide and manganese sulfate may be used to correct documented manganese deficiencies. See also MICRONUTRIENTS – SYNTHETIC listings.
205.601(j)(6) As plant or soil amendments… Micronutrients—not to be used as a defoliant, herbicide, or desiccant. Those made from nitrates or chlorides are not allowed. Soil deficiency must be documented by testing. (ii) sulfates, carbonates, oxides, or silicates of… manganese.
Manganese – synthetic
Allowed with Restrictions
Livestock Feed Ingredients, Livestock Health Care
Synthetic
May be derived from manganese acetate, manganese chloride, manganese citrate, manganese gluconate, manganese glycerophosphate, manganese hypophosphate, manganese orthophosphate, manganous oxide, manganese phosphate, or manganese sulfate. See also MINERALS – FEED & HEALTH CARE.
205.237(a), 205.237(b)(2) & 205.603(d)(2)
Manure
Prohibited
Livestock Feed Ingredients
Nonsynthetic
Prohibited for refeeding. See Glossary for definition of "manure."
205.237(b)(4)
Manure Ash
Prohibited
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments
Synthetic
Prohibited. Specifically ash from burning manure. See Glossary for definition of "manure."
205.602(a)
Manure Tea
Allowed with Restrictions
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments
Nonsynthetic
May only be (i) applied to land used for a crop not intended for human consumption; (ii) incorporated into the soil not less than 120 days prior to the harvest of a product whose edible portion has direct contact with the soil surface or soil particles; or (iii) incorporated into the soil not less than 90 days prior to the harvest of a product whose edible portion does not have direct contact with the soil surface or soil particles. See also MANURE – RAW, UNCOMPOSTED.
205.203(c)(1)
Manure – processed
Allowed
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments
Nonsynthetic
Manure products treated so that all portions of the product, without causing combustion, reach a minimum temperature of either 150° F (66° C) for at least one hour or 165° F (74° C), and are dried to a maximum moisture level of 12%; or an equivalent heating and drying process could be used. Processed manure may be used as a supplement to a soil building program without a specific interval between application and harvest. Processed manure products must not contain more than 1x10³ (1,000) MPN fecal coliform per gram of processed manure sampled and must not contain more than 3 MPN Salmonella per 4 grams of processed manure sample. See also MANURE ASH; MANURE – RAW, UNCOMPOSTED. See Glossary for definition of "manure."
Manure – raw, uncomposted
Allowed with Restrictions
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments
Nonsynthetic
Raw animal manure must be composted unless it is: (i) applied to land used for a crop not intended for human consumption; (ii) incorporated into the soil not less than 120 days prior to the harvest of a product whose edible portion has direct contact with the soil surface or soil particles; or (iii) incorporated into the soil not less than 90 days prior to the harvest of a product whose edible portion does not have direct contact with the soil surface or soil particles. Human waste products and sewage sludge are prohibited. See also HUMAN EXCREMENT and SEWAGE SLUDGE. Uncomposted manure can contain high levels of plant and human pathogens, weed seeds, volatile and soluble nitrogen, and pesticide residues. Composting stabilizes nitrogen, kills pathogens and weed seeds, and degrades some chemical contaminants. See Glossary for definition of "manure."
205.203(c)(1)
Marl
Allowed with Restrictions
Livestock Feed Ingredients
Nonsynthetic
May not be fed in amounts above those needed for adequate nutrition and health maintenance for the species at its specific stage in life. See also MINERALS listings.
205.237(a) & 205.237(b)(2)
Marl
Allowed
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments
Nonsynthetic
205.203(d)(2) A mined substance of low solubility.
Meat By-products and Waste
Allowed
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments
Nonsynthetic
Must not be treated with prohibited materials such as synthetic colorings or solvents that are not on the National List for use in fertilizers and soil amendments. See also TANKAGE.
205.105
Meat Meal
Allowed
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments
Nonsynthetic
205.105
Medications – nonsynthetic
Allowed
Livestock Health Care
Nonsynthetic
Nonsynthetic medications may be used to treat diagnosed illnesses.
205.238(c)(1)
Medications – synthetic
Prohibited
Livestock Health Care
Synthetic
Any synthetic medication not specifically listed on the National List at 205.603 is prohibited.
205.238(c)(1)
Methionine
Allowed with Restrictions
Livestock Feed Ingredients
Synthetic Nonagricultural
Includes the following forms only: DL-methionine, DL-methionine-hydroxy analog and DL-methionine-hydroxy analog calcium. Does not include D-methionine or L-methionine. For use only in organic poultry production at the following maximum levels of synthetic methionine per ton of feed: Laying and broiler chickens-2 pounds; turkeys and all other poultry-3 pounds.
Methyl Bromide
Prohibited
Crop Pest, Weed, and Disease Control
Synthetic
205.105(a)
Methylparaben
Prohibited
Processing Non-agricultural Ingredients and Processing Aids
Synthetic Nonagricultural
See also PROPYLPARABEN.
205.105(c) [General prohibition]
Mica
Allowed
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments
Nonsynthetic
See also MINED MINERALS – UNPROCESSED.
205.203(d)(2) A mined substance of low solubility.
Microbial Inoculants
Allowed
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments, Crop Management Tools and Production Aids
Nonsynthetic
Organisms that are used to inoculate compost, plants, seeds, and soils, such as actinomycetes, rhizobial bacteria, and mycorrhizal fungi, Azolla, yeast, and other microorganisms. May not be derived from genetically modified organisms. See also MICROBIAL PRODUCTS – ALLOWED.
205.105 & 205.206(d)(2)
Microbial Pesticides
Allowed with Restrictions
Crop Pest, Weed, and Disease Control
Nonsynthetic
May be used for pesticidal purposes only if the requirements of 205.206(e) are met. See also MICROBIAL PRODUCTS listings.
Microbial Products
Allowed
Processing Non-agricultural Ingredients and Processing Aids
Nonsynthetic Nonagricultural
Allowed when on the National List. See also CULTURES, DAIRY; ENZYMES; YEAST and MICROORGANISMS. See Glossary for definition of "microbial products."
205.605(a) [See individual listings.]
Microbial Products
Prohibited
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments, Crop Management Tools and Production Aids, Crop Pest, Weed, and Disease Control
Synthetic/Nonsynthetic
Prohibited when the microorganisms are produced by genetic engineering (excluded methods).
205.105(e)
Microbial Products
Allowed with Restrictions
Crop Pest, Weed, and Disease Control
Nonsynthetic
Use as a pesticide is Restricted to use as a pest lure, repellent, or as part of a trap, or as a disease control. May be used for other pesticidal purposes only if the requirements of 205.206(e) are met.
Microbial Products
Allowed with Restrictions
Livestock Management Tools and Production Aids
Nonsynthetic
For use as odor control. Not to be fed to animals. Must not be from genetically modified sources.
Microbial Products
Allowed with Restrictions
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments, Crop Management Tools and Production Aids
Nonsynthetic
Products which contain more than 1,000 MPN fecal coliform per gram of sample tested and/or more than 3 MPN Salmonella per 4 grams of sample may only be (i) applied to land used for a crop not intended for human consumption; (ii) incorporated into the soil not less than 120 days prior to the harvest of a product whose edible portion has direct contact with the soil surface or soil particles; or (iii) incorporated into the soil not less than 90 days prior to the harvest of a product whose edible portion does not have direct contact with the soil surface or soil particles. See also MANURE – RAW, UNCOMPOSTED.
205.105 & 205.203(c)
Microbial Products
Prohibited
Livestock External Parasiticides and Pesticides, Livestock Health Care
Nonsynthetic
Prohibited if from genetically modified sources or considered antibiotics. See Glossary for definition of "microbial products."
205.105(e) & 205.238(c)(1)
Microbial Products
Allowed
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments, Crop Management Tools and Production Aids
Nonsynthetic
Products composed entirely of identified microorganisms with a positive guaranteed minimum count and other allowed materials. See also MICROBIALPESTICIDES for use in pest control. See Glossary for definition of "microbial products."
205.105
Microbial Products –Health Care
Allowed with Restrictions
Livestock External Parasiticides and Pesticides, Livestock Health Care
Nonsynthetic
May not be administered in the absence of illness, except when used as vaccines or biologics. Must not be from genetically modified sources. Includes killed (dead) microorganisms, but not antibiotics. See also PROBIOTICS, CARRIERS and MICROORGANISMS – DIRECT FED. See Glossary for definition of “microbial products.”
205.105, 205.238(a)(6) & 205.238(c)(2)
Microbiological Preparations
Allowed
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments
Nonsynthetic
Preparations that are made from microorganisms but contain no live organisms. See also MICROBIAL PRODUCTS listings.
205.105
Micronutrients – synthetic
Prohibited
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments
Synthetic
Synthetic micronutrients in either chloride or nitrate forms are prohibited. See AMMONIATED MICRONUTRIENTS. Micronutrients may not be used as a defoliant, herbicide, or desiccant. Synthetic carriers, fillers, chelating, and complexing agents not on the list of allowed synthetics are prohibited. See CHELATES listings. These includes heavy metals, industrial by-products, and other incidental ingredients, unless those substances are within established thresholds, See also other MICRONUTRIENTS – SYNTHETIC listings and TRACE MINERALS – NONSYNTHETIC.
205.105(a) & 205.601(j)(6)
Micronutrients – synthetic
Allowed with Restrictions
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments
Synthetic
Use restricted to cases where soil/plant nutrient deficiency is documented by soil or tissue testing. Micronutrients include: boron, cobalt, copper, iron, manganese, molybdenum, selenium, and zinc. Carriers, fillers, chelating agents, and complexing agents must either be nonsynthetic, or must be on the list of allowed synthetics. See other MICRONUTRIENTS – SYNTHETIC listings, and TRACE MINERALS – NONSYNTHETIC.
205.601(j)(6) As plant or soil amendments… Micronutrients—not to be used as a defoliant, herbicide, or desiccant. Those made from nitrates or chlorides are not allowed. Soil deficiency must be documented by testing. (i) Soluble boron products (ii) Sulfates, carbonates, oxides, or silicates of zinc, copper, iron, manganese, molybdenum, selenium, and cobalt.
Microorganisms
Allowed
Processing Non-agricultural Ingredients and Processing Aids
Nonsynthetic Nonagricultural
Any food grade bacteria, fungi, and other microorganisms.
205.605(a)
Microorganisms
Prohibited
Processing Non-agricultural Ingredients and Processing Aids
Nonsynthetic Nonagricultural
Genetically modified microorganisms are prohibited.
205.105(c) & (e)
Microorganisms – direct fed
Allowed with Restrictions
Livestock Feed Ingredients
Nonsynthetic
Includes microorganisms reviewed by the Food and Drug Administrations’ Center for Veterinary Medicine and found to not pose any safety concerns when used as direct fed microbial products and killed (dead) microorganisms. May be fed to an animal provided that all carriers are either (a) from organic sources if they are agricultural, (b) nonsynthetic if they are nonagricultural, or (c) on the National List of substances allowed for organic livestock production without limiting annotation. Must not be fed in amounts above those needed for adequate nutrition and health maintenance for the species at its specific stage of life.
205.105 & 205.237(a)
Microwaves
Allowed
Processing Non-agricultural Ingredients and Processing Aids
Nonsynthetic Nonagricultural
205.270(a)
Milk
Allowed with Restrictions
Crop Pest, Weed, and Disease Control
Nonsynthetic
For use as a pest lure, repellent, or as part of a trap, or as a disease control. May be used for other pesticidal purposes only if the requirements of 205.206(e) are met.
205.206(e)
Milk
Allowed
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments
Nonsynthetic
Liquid and dry forms.
205.105
Milk Replacers
Prohibited
Livestock Feed Ingredients
Synthetic
Non-organic and synthetic milk replacers were prohibited effective the Sunset date of October 22, 2007.
205.237(a)
Milk Replacers, Non-organic
Prohibited
Livestock Feed Ingredients
Synthetic
Non-organic milk replacers were prohibited as of the Sunset date of October 22, 2007.
205.105 General Prohibition
Mined Minerals – unprocessed
Allowed with Restrictions
Crop Pest, Weed, and Disease Control
Nonsynthetic
For use as a pest lure, repellent, or as part of a trap, or as a disease control. May be used for other pesticidal purposes only if the requirements of 205.206(e) are met.
205.105, 205.206(b)(3), 205.206(d)(2) Disease problems may be controlled through… Application of nonsynthetic… mineral inputs & 205.206(e)
Mined Minerals – unprocessed
Allowed
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments, Crop Management Tools and Production Aids
Nonsynthetic
A mined mineral must not have undergone any change in its molecular structure through heating or combining with other substances. Acceptable if the material is not processed or fortified with synthetic chemicals. Mined minerals are regarded as supplements to a balanced organic soil building program. Some of the minerals that are mined can also be made synthetically or are by-products of industry; investigate the source of any new material. See also MINED SUBSTANCES OF HIGH SOLUBILITY, MINED SUBSTANCES OF LOW SOLUBILITY, and MINERAL INPUTS.
205.105, 205.203(d) & 205.206(d)(2) A producer may manage crop nutrients and soil fertility to maintain or improve soil organic matter content in a manner that does not contribute to contamination of crops, soil, or water… By applying… A mined substance of low solubility, [or] . . A mined substance of high solubility, Provided, That, the substance is used in compliance with the conditions established on the National List of nonsynthetic materials prohibited for crop production.
Mined Substances of High Solubility
Allowed with Restrictions
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments
Nonsynthetic
Must be used in compliance with the conditions established on the National List of nonsynthetic materials prohibited for crop production. See also CALCIUM CHLORIDE, POTASSIUM CHLORIDE (KCL), SODIUM NITRATE (CHILEAN NITRATE), and MINED MINERALS – UNPROCESSED.
205.203(d)(3) & 205.602
Mined Substances of Low Solubility
Allowed
Crop Fertilizers and Soil Amendments
Nonsynthetic
See also MINED MINERALS – UNPROCESSED.
205.203(d)(2)
Mineral Inputs
Prohibited
Crop Pest, Weed, and Disease Control
Nonsynthetic
Arsenic, lead, and sodium fluoaluminate are prohibited. See also MINED MINERALS – UNPROCESSED.
205.206(d)(2) & 205.602(b),(d),(f)
Mineral Oil
Allowed with Restrictions
Livestock Health Care
Synthetic
For topical use and as a lubricant. See Glossary for definition of "mineral oil."
205.603(b)(6) For topical use and as a lubricant.
Mineral Oil
Prohibited
Livestock Feed Ingredients, Livestock Management Tools and Production Aids
Synthetic
Prohibited as a feed ingredient and dust suppressant. See Glossary for definition of "mineral oil."
205.105(a)
Minerals – feed
Allowed with Restrictions
Livestock Feed Ingredients
Synthetic/Nonsynthetic
Minerals that are allowed by FDA regulation or listed in the AAFCO publication may be used in feed, except for those derived from mammalian and poultry slaughter by-products. May not be fed in amounts above those needed for adequate nutrition and health maintenance for the species at its specific stage in life. See also CARRIERS listings; ANIMAL BY-PRODUCTS; GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISMS; and MINERALS – MANAGEMENT TOOL, PRODUCTION AID. See Appendix A: Livestock Vitamins and Minerals.
205.237(a), 205.237(b)(2) & 205.603(d)(2) As feed additives… Trace minerals, used for enrichment or fortification when FDA approved.
Minerals – health care
Allowed with Restrictions
Livestock Health Care
Synthetic/Nonsynthetic
Minerals that are allowed by FDA regulation or listed in the AAFCO publication may be used in feed, except for those derived from mammalian and poultry slaughter by-products. Minerals may not be used to stimulate growth or production. May not be fed in amounts above those needed for adequate nutrition and health maintenance for the species at its specific stage in life.
Minerals – management tool, production aid
Allowed
Livestock Management Tools and Production Aids
Nonsynthetic
May be used as livestock management tools and production aids, such as in bedding. If the bedding is typically consumed by the animal species, the use of the mineral must comply with the feed requirements of 205.237. See also MINERALS – FEED & HEALTH CARE.
205.105 & 205.239(a)(3) Appropriate clean, dry bedding. If the animal bedding is typically consumed by the animal species, it must comply with the feed requirements of § 205.237.
Minerals – nutrient
Allowed with Restrictions
Processing Non-agricultural Ingredients and Processing Aids
Synthetic Nonagricultural
Nutrient vitamins and minerals may be added in accordance with 21 CFR 104.20, Nutritional Quality Guidelines For Foods.
205.605(b) Nutrient vitamins and minerals…
Molasses
Allowed with Restrictions
Livestock Feed Ingredients
Nonsynthetic
Molasses must be from organic sources.
205.237(a) Feed ration [must be] composed of agricultural products… that are organically produced.